CONTENTS of journal "THNP" 2•2016 (Russia)


NEWS (P. 5)

DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF GAS AND OIL PIPELINES AND STORAGES

INCREASING POTENTIAL ENERGY DUE TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF MEASURES TO ENSURE RELIABLE AND SAFE OPERATION OF GAS DISTRIBUTION OF PJSC «GAZPROM» STATIONS (P. 6-10)

GADELSHINA A.R., postgraduate student of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
GALIKEEV A.R., Chief, Bashkir management of LLC «Gazprom Gaznadzor» (92/1, Russian St., 450098, Ufa, Russia)
KITAEV S.V., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
Improvements for efficient utilization of energy resources and gas saving incitement are listed among the priority scientific and technical problems of PJSC «Gazprom» in 2011-2020. Gas distribution stations (GDS) are complex engineering facilities for gas distribution and pressure regulation. The GDS provide gas supply to gas distribution pipelines for further transportation to consumers. The article reviews the basic opportunities for increasing energy resource-saving potential of «Gazprom», PJSC on GDS based in safety and reliable operation of gas distribution station’s equipment.
KEYWORDS: gas distribution station, operation safety, reliability, diagnostics, technical condition, import substitution.

THE TECHNIQUE OF MULTI-CRITERIA EVALUATION OF EFFICIENCY OF VFD APPLICATION ON THE MAIN PIPELINES OBJECTS (P. 11-17)

SHABANOV V.A., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Head of the Department of Electrical Engineering and Electrical companies
KALIMGULOV A.R., Cand. Sci. (Ph.-m.), Associate Prof. of the Department of Electrical Engineering and Electrical companies
KHAKIMOV E.F., Graduate Student of the Department of Electrical Engineering and Electrical companies, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
REVEL’’-MUROZ P.A., Vice-Prezident, Transneft, JSC (57, Bolshaya Polyanka St., 119180, Moscow, Russia)
ABSTRACT
Optimization of variable frequency drives (VFD) using is comprehensive and multi-objective problem. The article is about developing of VFD using evaluation procedure that will take into account energy parameters and increasing of pumps
and pipeline reliability caused by reducing of pumps starts number and by decreasing of cyclic loading coefficient.In the article all of the parameters are united in evaluation of VFD payback time. Parameters taken into account in this article are evaluation of energy consumption and electricity costs for oil pumping, evaluation of costs for electrical drives repair, evaluation of costs for pipeline repair.Optimization performed by comparing of variants with different number of VFD. Procedure was testedon two currently operating without VFD process sections of pipelines.
KEYWORDS: variable frequency drive (VFD), main pump, electric motor,cyclic loading, payback period.

MODERNIZATION OF RIM WELD OF THE STEEL VERTICAL TANK (P. 18-21)

FAYRUSHIN A.M., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Assoc. Prof. of the Department of oil Apparatus technology
VALEEV N.N., Student
ROMANCHUK A.S., Student
BIKKININ A.I., Competitor of the Department of oil Apparatus technology, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia).
YAMILEV M.Z., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Deputy Head of the Technical Department, Transneft Urals, JSC (10, Krupskoy St., 450077, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). Email: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
Current technology of sheet by sheet assembly method of building zones (wall rings) provides for the Assembly and welding of the first three zones (rings) and subsequent welding them to annular plates of the tank. It is assumed that the pressure produced by the weight of three zones, will lead to a tight fit of the wall and annular plates: the size of the gap between them will lie in the permissible range (0–2 mm). However, the analysis of performed Assembly operations on real objects shows that there are areas of deviation from acceptable values. Another problem of installation of the tanks is connected with the fact that the welding rim weld is annular plates deformation caused by residual welding stresses, the value of which in these guidelines is not regulated. Both of these defects influence on fatigue life of the welded construction of the tank. In this article we suggest a new approach to solving the urgent problem of increasing the service life of reservoirs through the use of simple technological operations – return of the leg of annular plates as a way to improve the accuracy of manufacturing rim weld and the resource of its work.
KEYWORDS: tank, rim weld, welding stress, incomplete fusion, welding deformations, return curve.

METHODS FOR IMPROVING METERING OPERATIONS RELIABILITY IN THE AUTOMATED SYSTEM FOR REAL-TIME OIL ACCOUNTING ASROA (P. 22-24)

KOROLEV R.A., Metrology Engineer
BAGROV A.V., Deputy General Director
CHISTOSTUPOV A.G., Leading Engineer of Metrology, Transneft Urals, JSC (10, Krupskoy St., 450077, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The developed technique for improving metering operations reliability is based on Retrospective Information (historical data) Analysis of the Automated System for Real-time Oil Accounting (ASROA) and the Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition System (SCADA) and the Automated System for Control of Documents and Orders Execution (CDOE) related with it. It is presented in the paper the calculation algorithm for approximating curve for the influence of the
error contributions on the total uncertainty of the petroleum mass calculation in the process of the metering operations. Moreover it is developed the algorithm for unreliable data searching in the ASROA -system.
KEYWORDS: real-time oil accounting, Approximation, algorithm, main pipeline.

SOME FEATURES OF ICE AND GAS HYDRATES PREVENTION IN GAS-GATHERING SYSTEMS AT THE DEVELOPMENT LATEST STAGE OF CENOMANIAN FIELDS IN WESTERN SIBERIA (P. 25-30)

ISTOMIN V.A., Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof., Principal Researcher of Gas Production Center
KVON V.G., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Head of Sector Industrial Use of Gas Hydrates
TROYNIKOVA A.A., Junior Researcher of Sector Industrial Use of Gas Hydrates
NEFEDOV P.A., Junior Researcher of Sector Industrial Use of Gas Hydrates, Gazprom VNIIGAZ (pos. Razvilka, Leninsky district, Moscow Region, 142717, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The detailed analysis of ice and ice-hydrate formation in gas gathering systemsof gas fields at the late stage of development is presented. On the base of field data the calculation procedure ofhydrate inhibitor (methanol) consumption for preventing ice and hydrate formation is proposed.
KEYWORDS: gas hydrate, hydrate inhibitor, methanol calculation procedure, formation water.

CURRENT STATE OF PROBLEMS OF OILTANKS RELIABILITY

An overview of the solutions existing in Russia for problems of the tanks reliability (P. 31-40)

GAYSIN E.SH., Lecturer of the Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
GAYSIN M.SH., Student, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The article gives an overview of the existing in Russia solutions for problems of the tanks reliability, as well as it describes the research and normative-technical support of reliability of the tanks as hazardous production facilities in Russia.
The analysis showed that: 1) in domestic work it is not taken into account the influence and the weight of the structural elements of tanks for their reliability in General; in addition, little attention is paid to such indicators of reliability, as the
intensity of flow of failures; 2) when evaluating the reliability level of the most effective is expression of this value through the quality indicator; 3) it is necessary to develop models and methods by which it is possible to detect and assess the
reliability of the tanks at various stages of their life cycle.
KEYWORDS: tank, reliability, quality, life cycle, failure.

MODELING OF STRESS STATE OF UNDERGROUND GAS PIPELINE IN CONDITIONS OF THE INSTABILITY OF ITS POSITION (P. 41-44)

CHUCHKALOV M.V., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Head of Technical Department, Gazprom Transgas Ufa (59, R. Zorghe St., 450054, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia).
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ASKAROV R.M., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Associate Prof., Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
KITAEV S.V., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU). (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
GUMEROV K.M., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., Head of Department of diagnostics, Institute of Energy Resourсes Transportation (144/3, October Ave., 450055, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
In the article the version of the finite element method gets a development for calculation of stress-strain state of pipelines in use under different soil amendments, in which agents are not known in advance, and can be identified in the process of solving the task itself. The basic equations of equilibrium systems are obtained, in which all variables are linked to the desired offsets of a finite element mesh nodes.
KEYWORDS: stress-strain state , the equilibrium equation of the system , the elastic deformation, of the gas pipeline.

ON THE QUESTION OF DETERMINING THE STRESS-STRAIN STATE OF MAIN PIPELINES IN THE SPECIAL CONDITIONS, ACCORDING TO THE GEODETIC SURVEY (P. 45-47)

GUSEYNOV K.B., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), General Director, Gazprom Transgaz Makhachkala. (O. Bulacha St., 367030, Makhachkala, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The article presents the factors determining the increased importance of the problem of controlling the stress-strain state of pipelines laid in special climatic conditions. The relevance of geodetic survey based determining of thestress-strain
state of pipelines is proven. The paper describes the mathematical methods that increase the accuracy of gas trunk line in the stress-strain state assessment based on geodetic survey. Numerical solutions of the problem are represented.
KEYWORDS: gas trunkline linear part; stress-strain state; geodetic survey; data smoothing algorithms.

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND AUTOMATION OF INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES

MODERN METHODS OF ESTIMATION OF TECHNICAL CONDITION AND FORECASTING OF A RESOURCE OF CABLE LINES SAFE OPERATION (P. 48-50)

NOVIKOVA FREYRE SHAVIER G D’K, master of the Department of Electrical equipment and automation of industrial enterprises
PRAKHOV I. V., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Associate Prof. of the Department Electrical equipment and automation of industrial enterprises, Branch Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (22А/67, Gubkin St., 453250, Salavat, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
TALAEV V.L., Director, LLC «New Salavat TPP» (453256, Salavat, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia).
ABSTRACT
The article presents an analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of modern methods of estimation of technical condition and forecasting of a resource of safe operation of cable lines. As well as it shows the perspective of applying the method of multi-parameter dynamic quantitative evaluation based on a set of diagnostic parameters.
KEYWORDS: cable line, insulation breakdown, defects, tests, inspection methods, technical condition, diagnostic parameters.

THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

FORMATION OF PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION IN THE USA (P. 51-54)

IVANOV A.I., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Associate Prof., Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
NIKISHIN A.A., pos-tgraduate student of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
MASTOBAEV B.N., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., Head of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia).
ABSTRACT
The first drafts of the pipeline transport in the United States are considered in this work. The initial stages of the pipelines used as an alternative mode of transport oil produced in the state of Pennsylvania are shown.
KEYWORDS: oil, pipeline, pipeline transportation, railway transportation.

AN EARLY STAGE OF PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL STUDIES OF NAFTALAN OIL (P. 55-60)

ADIGOZALOVA V.A., Cand.Sci. (Biol.), Associate Prof., Department of Normal and Sport Physiology, Azerbaijan State Academy of Physical Culture and Sport (98, Fatali Khan Khoyski ave., AZ1072, Baku, Azerbaijan)
GASHIMOVA U.F., Dr.Sci. (Biol.), Director
Institute of Physiology named after A.I. Karaev Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences (ANAS). (78, Sharif-zadeh St., AZ1100, Baku, Azerbaijan).
POLYAKOVA L.P., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Associate Prof. Department of Ecology
Obninsk Institute of Nuclear Energy - the branch of the National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI» (INPE MEPhI).
(1, Campus, 249040, Obninsk, Russia).
ABSTRACT
This paper discusses a determination of physical and chemical properties, component and group hydrocarbon composition of oil in working wells of three working levels: the first (Miocene), marly, the second sandy of the top department of the Maikop suite of Naftalan oil field.
KEYWORDS: physical and chemical properties, component composition, hydrocarbons, Naftalan oil field.

 

 

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