CONTENTS of journal "THNP" 1•2016 (Russia)


DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF GAS AND OIL PIPELINES AND STORAGES

PRACTICAL SOLUTION OF NATURAL GAS SAVING PROBLEM BY MAKING IT ACCORDING TO A SCHEME OF PARALLEL (P. 5-8)

GADELSHINA A.R., postgraduate student of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
KITAEV S.V., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
GALIKEEV A.R., Chief, Bashkir management of LLC «Gazprom Gaznadzor» (92/1, Russian St., 450098, Ufa, Russia)
ABSTRACT
One of the priority directions of scientific and technical РAO «Gazprom» is to improve the technology gas trunkline by finding and developing new ways to get added value of natural gas saving. In this article, based on experimental data solved the complex problem of the development of gas and two heterogeneous working "in parallel" aggregates and reduce the emission of methane into the atmosphere at the start area of main gas pipeline into operation.
KEYWORDS: energy-efficient operation and resource-saving measures, emissions of methane into the atmosphere, triggering gas displacement and gas mixture.

MODELING OF THERMAL MODE DURING MAKING CONTROLLED PARAFFIN LAYER ON THE INNER SURFACE OF OIL PIPELINES (P. 9-12)

Revel''-Muroz P.A., Prezident, Transneft, JSC (57, Bolshaya Polyanka St., 119180, Moscow, Russia)
Gil''mutdinov N.R., General Director Transneft Urals, JSC (10, Krupskoy St., 450077, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia).
Dmitriev M.E., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Associate Prof. of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
Mastobaev B.N., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., Head of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The paper considers the influence of the formation of asphaltene deposits in the pipeline on the thermal conditions of the pipeline system.Defines the directions of use deposits as a layer of thermal insulation.Examines the factors of temperature, plays a major role in the formation of deposits in the main transport oil.
KEYWORDS: paraffin deposits, corrosion protection, thermal insulation.

MAGNETIC FIELD SURVEY OF THE PIPELINE FROM THE INSIDE IN STRESS-DEFORMED CONDITION (P. 13-16)

Mugallimov F.M., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., General Director, Liability Company Scientific and technical firm «VOSTOKneftegas» (2/4, Tramway St., 450027, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
Abdullaev A.A., Director, Ural scientific and technical center «BENAPRO» (25, Russian St., 450104, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia).
Kozin N.A., Post-graduate student of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The stress-strain state of pipelines is characterized by the presence of areas with a high concentration of stresses. To detect stress-strain state of the pipeline, you can use the method of non-destructive testing "the method of metal magnetic memory." This method of non-destructive testing based on an analysis of the distribution of the magnetic field on the surface of the product to determine the stress concentration zones, defects and inhomogeneous structure of metal and welded joints. In our days during the in-line inspection this method of control is not used.
The article discusses the possibility of identifying areas with the stress-strain state inside the pipe by method of metal magnetic memory. Research has shown that identifying areas of the pipeline with the stress-strain state by method of metal magnetic memory from the inside is possible.
KEYWORDS: Stress-strain state, pipe geometry defects, external diagnostics, in-tube diagnostics, metal magnetic memory, geomagnetic field, magnetometrical method.

STUDY OF OILPUMPING TEMPERATURE INFLUENCE ON THE STRESS-DEFORMED STATE OF THE PIPELINE ABOVEGROUND SECTION (P. 17-20)

Bikmuhametov D.F., Post-graduate student of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
Korobkov G.E., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof. of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
Yanchushka A.P., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Associate Prof. of Department of Mathematics, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The given article considers one of the problems of stability provision for overground pipelines placed on supports. The main part of the article is devoted to the experimental research of the influence of the pumping temperature on the position of pipelines, placed on mobile and immobile supports. The results of the geodesic surveys of the pipelines’ positions, taken in winter, after the pipelines’ construction period was over, after commissioning ,and during its’ exploitation in summer are given in the article. The process of analysis included such a factor a planned decrease of the pumping temperature. The comparison of the experimental results got with the calculated values of the pipelines displacements was done due to the use of the program complex “START”, which has proven to be effective for making provisions concerning the possible pipelines displacements when their exploitation characteristics are changed.
KEYWORDS: pipeline, support, displacement, temperature, tension, pumping, exploitation, experiment, calculation, research.

CHALLENGES AND PERSPECTIVES OF TANK INSPECTION WITH LASER SCANNING (P. 21-24)

Vasiliev G.G., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., Head of the Department of Pipeline and Storage Facilities Construction and Rehabilitation
Lezhnev M.A., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Associate Prof., Deputy dean for the evening department
Leonovich I.A., postgraduate student, engineer of the Department of Pipeline and Storage Facilities Construction and Rehabilitation
Salnikov A.P., postgraduate student, engineer of the Department of Pipeline and Storage Facilities Construction and Rehabilitation, Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) (65, korp.1, Leninskiy pr., 119991, Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
Terrestrial laser scanning effective tool for three-dimensional models of real surface, but practice of application this method in the oil and gas industry facilities has shown specific difficulties of its practical application.The article is discussed the problems and prospects of methods for monitoring the spatial position of oil tanks using 3D laser scanning systems. Consider a typical problem arising at the working on laser scanning and processing the results in order to obtain more accurate values of the parameters studied spatial position oil tanks.
KEYWORDS: geodetic inspection, terrestrial laser scanning, vertical steel tanks.

MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF OPERATION MODES OF A HIGH PRESSURE MULTISTAGE CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSOR (P. 25-30)

Vorontsov M.A., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Head of the sector of gas field compressor and turbo refrigeration technology, Gazprom VNIIGAZ LLC (Razvilka, Moscow Region, Leninsky Area, Moscow Region,142717, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
Glazunov V.Yu. Head of the group of experts on modeling and optimization of operating modes of gas treatment systems to transport, Engineering and Technology Center of Gazprom dobycha Nadym (1/1? Polyarnaya str., Nadym, 629730, Russia)E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
Lopatin A.S., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., Head of the Department of thermodynamics and heat engines, Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (65, korp.1, Leninskiy prosp., 119991, Moscow,Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
Iterative computations in mathematical models are a major method of solving engineering problems of compressor equipment operation (selection of compressor type and capacity, optimization of operation modes and others). Gas dynamic characteristics (GDC) are the basis of a compressor mathematical modeling. The reduced characteristic method is widely used in the centrifugal compressor GDC modeling. The method allows a precise description of GDC for low pressure compressors, but in case of a high pressure it results in high errors of determining the ratio ofpressures and polytropical efficiency compared to the actual data. The need of high pressure compressor application at some of Gazprom facilities has been recently increasing, which requires a specification of modeling methods. The present article focuses on causes and quantitative assessment of the errors, and proposes a technique of improving the precision of centrifugal compressor GDC description for solving engineering problems of designing and operation of compression systems.
KEYWORDS: gas dynamic characteristics, centrifugal compressor, two-parameter approximation, modeling.

RAISING ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS WITH HIGH POWER BY THE EXAMPLE OF OIL REFINERY (P. 31-35)

Kitaev S.V., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof. of the Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
Fayrushin S.Z., post-graduate student of Char of Industrial Heat Power Engineering, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
Kolotilov Y.W., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof. of the Department of petroleum products and gas, Russian State University of Oil and Gas named after IM Sponge-on (Russia, 119991, Moscow, GSP-1, Leninsky Prospekt, d. 65) E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The article presents the results of the assessment of energy efficiency of centrifugal compressors. It was found that for the regulation of modes of oil refineries centrifugal compressors high capacity used inefficient methods of regulation, leading to increased consumption of electricity (gate method, bypassing, venting on the candle). Considered and justified means of sound management of the operation of centrifugal compressors - the use of high-voltage variable frequency drive and the use of gas turbine drive. Based on these research found that, for the regulation of operating modes of high capacity centrifugal compressors of oil refineries used inefficient methods of regulation, leading to increased consumption of electricity (gate method, bypassing, venting on the candle). To increase the energy efficiency of centrifugal compressors can be used two basic ways of rational regulation: the application of high voltage variable frequency drives and replacement of the electric drive to gas turbine drive. Application of gas turbine drive is an attractive event, especially for newly commissioned oil refineries, because in this case, there is a substantial potential of thermal energy from exhaust gases of gas turbine installations are required for generation of steam used in large quantity in the technological process during oil refining.
KEYWORDS: oil refinery, centrifugal compressor, energy saving, environmental regulation, variable frequency drive, gas turbine drive.

REDUCTION OF EQUIPMENT DYNAMIC LOAD AT FOUNDATION DESIGN PHASE OF OIL PUMPING STATIONS (P. 36-39)

Valeev A.R., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Associate Prof. of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
Tashbulatov R.R., Post-graduate, Assistant of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
Galiullin M.M., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Associate Prof. of Department of Mathematics, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The problems of constructing a foundation in the presence of significant dynamic load from the operating equipment. The methods of reducing vibration of foundations are observed. Disadvantages of creating massive foundations are analyzed. Vibration isolators allows to reduce the mass of building foundations and duration of structures in general. Application of vibration isolators with quasi-zero stiffness in this circumstances is also analyzed. Minimum required amount of concrete for the construction of the foundation for different methods of installation of oil pumping units is calculated as well as for different soils.
KEYWORDS: foundation, vibration, pumping unit, vibration isolator, quasi-zero stiffness.

MONITORING, TRANSPORTATION AND STORAGES OF THE DIESEL AND AVIATION FUELS, MADE OF AZERBAIJANI OIL (P. 40-44)

Nurullayev V.X., Engineer, Management oil pipelines State Oil Company of the Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR) (28, Khodjali Avenue, Baku, AZ1025, Azerbaijan). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
Modern and perspective requirements to qualities of diesel and aviation fuels are provided. Influence of chemical, and also fractional structure on qualities of diesel and aviation fuels is noted. It is shown to possibility of receiving on the basis of mix oil Azerbaijan of perspective diesel fuel by hydrotreating in the presence of the alyumonikelmolibden catalyst. Receiving the low-stiffening aviation fuels with use of process of catalytic dewaxing – selective hydrocracking of N paraffin in the presence of the SGK-1 catalyst. It is shown such brands of diesel and aviation fuels conforms to requirements of the state standard specifications,QOST, EN, ASTM D standards and ensures ecological safety at storage and transportation to the European countries.
KEYWORDS: fractional structure, content of paraffin, physical and chemical properties, hydrogenate, kinematic viscosity.

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND AUTOMATION OF INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES

ASSESSMENT OF TECHNICAL CONDITION AND MACHINE RESOURCE UNITS IN THE OIL AND GAS INDUSTRY ON THE BASIS OF INTEGRAL CRITERION (P. 45-48)

Prakhov I.V., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), docent of the Department Electrical equipment and automation ofindustrial enterprises
Novikova Freyre Shavier G D’K, master of the Department Electrical equipment and automation of industrial enterprises
Putenikhina A. V., master of the Department "Electrical equipment and automation of industrial enterprises
Melnikov A. V., master of the Department "Electrical equipment and automation of industrial enterprises, Branch Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (22А/67, Gubkin St., 453250, Salavat, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
In this articlewe consider the problemof industrial safetyin theoil and gas industrywithintegratedcriteria toidentify the currenttechnical condition andto predict theresidual lifeof machine units.
KEYWORDS: machines generators, assessment of technical conditions, operational safety, higher harmonic components, the temperature of the stator winding insulation, the temperature of the bearingunit, the factors of fire and explosion hazards, diagnostic parameter, integral criterion, risk assessment.

THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

NAFTALAN OIL, ITS FIELD AND TRANSPORTATION POSSIBILITIES (P. 49-52)

Adigozalova V.A., Cand.Sci.(Biol.), Associate Prof., Department of Normal and Sport Physiology, Azerbaijan State Academy of Physical Culture and Sport (98, Fatali Khan Khoyski ave, AZ1072, Baku, Azerbaijan). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
Polyakova L.P., Cand.Sci. (Chem.), Associate Prof., Department of Ecology, Obninsk Institute of Nuclear Energy - the branch of the National Research Nuclear University «MEPhI» (INPE MEPhI) (1, Campus, 249040, Obninsk, Russia).
ABSTRACT
Naftalan oil is known to be used in a treatment of various deseases. The unique medicinal effect is caused by the special chemical nature, due to this oil is differed from the industrial one. The article is devoted to comparative study on structure-group composition of saturated hydrocarbons of Naftalan oil.
KEYWORDS: naftalan oil, physical and chemical characteristics, biological activity.

THE DELIVERY MEANS DEVELOPMENT OF PETROLEUM PRODUCTS DURING THE YEARS AFTER THE SECOND WORLD WAR IN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES AND THE USA (P. 53-57)

IVANOV A.I., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Associate Prof., Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
DMITRIEVA T.V., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Associate Prof., Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
MAKARENKO O.A., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia).
ABSTRACT
The paper considers the improvement of road transport systems of oil and oil products abroad. The basic design and technology development of transportation of oil and petroleum products in bulk tank trucksare shown.
KEYWORDS: oil, petroleum products, motor vehicle, tank truck.

PATENT INFORMATION SURVE (P. 58-60)

 

 

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