CONTENTS of journal "THNP" 2•2015 (Russia)


DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF GAS AND OIL PIPELINES AND STORAGES

THE DEVELOPMENT OF MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF GAZ-TRANSPORT SYSTEM AREA (P. 3-7)

Kantyukov R.R., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Deputy Chief Engineer
Tahaviev M.S., Chief of Engeneering and Technical Center
Gilyaziev M.G., Engineer
Shenkarenko S.V., Deputy Head of Technical Department
Lebedev R.V., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Head of Service Engineering and Technical Center, Gazprom Transgaz Kazan (41, Adelya Kutuya Str., 420073, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
Varsegov V.L., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), docent in the Department of Jet Engines and Power Plants, Kazan National Research Technical University named after A.N.Tupolev - KAI (KNRTU-KAI) (10, K. Marx Str., 420111, Kazan, Republic of Tatarstan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The mathematical model of cooperation of gas turbine power plant, centrifugal blower a linear part of gas main has been developed. The mathematical model is a system of nonlinear equations. As a result of approbation of developed mathematical model the dependence of parameters influence of the linear part on the parameters of compressor department has been received.
KEYWORDS: mathematical model, gas-turbine power plant, centrifugal blower, the linear part of main gas pipeline, the gas transportation system, assessment of the mutual influence.

NEW DIRECTIONS OF USE OF ASPHALTENE DEPOSITION IN PIPELINE TRANSPORT OF OIL (P. 8-12)

GILMUTDINOV N.R., General Director of Transneft Urals, JSC (10, Krupskoy Str., 450077, Ufa, the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia )
DMITRIEV M.E., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Docent
MASTOBAEV B.N., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., Head of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov Str., 450062, Ufa, the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia) E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The paper discusses new directions of use of controlled layer of asphaltene deposition in oil transportation through trunk pipelines. One of such directions is the creation of a uniform, monitored layer of asphaltene deposits on the inner surface of pipes. This protects the pipe from corrosion, serves as a heat insulating material, as well as the coating reduces inner surface roughness of the pipe.
KEYWORDS: paraffin deposits, corrosion protection, thermal insulation.

STUDY AND JUSTIFICATION OF SAFE PARAMETERS OF DECREASING THE PRESSURE WAVE IN PIPELINE AT NONSTEADY STATE OF TECHNOLOGICAL PARAMETERS OF OPERATION (P. 13-18)

Рavlova Z.H., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), docent, Dean of the School of Automation of Industrial Processes, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov Str., 450062, Ufa, the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
In the article, ensuring safe operation of the main pipelines at non steady state of technological parameters of operation by controlling the main pumps with variable frequency electric drive is considered. It is noted that use of the specified drives provides smooth change of the mode of transfer and essential decrease in amplitude of the wave of pressure arising at non steady state of technological parameters of operation. Analytical dependencies between the maximum tension in pipe wall arising in the conditions of change of the mode of transfer and parameters of decreasing the pressure waves, geometrical characteristics of pipe and mechanical properties of metal are obtained. It is shown that smooth change of productivity of transfer allows reducing significantly the level of tension in pipe walls. The received analytical dependencies allow to determine parameters of decreasing the pressure wave taking into account insurance of safe functioning of the main pipeline.
KEYWORDS: main oil pipeline, pressure wave, pumping mode control, main pump, variable frequency electric drive, mechanical stress, pipe durability, safety of the pipeline.

GAS RELEASE EFFECT ON THE HYDRAULIC CHARACTERISTICS OF THE LIQUID FLOW IN THE PIPELINE (P. 19-22)

Panahov G.M., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Corresponding Member of Azerbaijan NAS
Abbasov E.M., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Corresponding Member of RANS
Guseynov V.G., Candidate for a degree
Mouseable P.T., Master's degree, Institute of Mathematics and Mechanics of NAS of Azerbaijan (9, B.Vahabzade, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic, AZ1141) E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
Research results of gas-liquid flows in the horizontal pipeline are presented. The role of temperature fluctuations under the gas emission on walls of the pipeline and their influence on liquid structure at an internal surface of a pipe as factor of increase of slippage effect is shown.
Studies showed that in the transporting gas-liquid stream in the conditions of temperature fluctuations between oil and outside environment there is a continuous gas emission on the interface. The arising processes could be used as regulating factor for restoration of capacity of the pipeline.
In the work an attempt is made to identify the causes of gas formation, identification of possible ranges of frequencies and amplitudes of the temperature fluctuations for the effective regulation of hydraulic characteristics in the pipeline transport of hydrocarbons.
KEYWORDS: oil and gas pipelines, gas release, temperature fluctuations, gas content, hydrophobic surface, insulating cover.

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT AND AUTOMATION OF INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES

ACCOUNT OF THERMAL FIELD IN POWER OIL TRANSFORMERS GAS COOLING (P. 23-29)

Hismatullin A.S., docent of the Department «Electrical equipment and automation of industrial enterprises» Branch Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (22B, Gubkin St., 453250, Salavat, the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia) E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
Solutions of tasks on a thermal field in a parallelepiped with heat source maintaining a constant or temperature changing over time in the top section are presented in article. Required temperature is presented in the form of the sum of stationary and non-stationary parts to which creation of the decision the method of division of variables is applied. On the basis of the found solution calculations of existential dependences of temperature in relation to oil transformers with gas-insulated cooling are made.
KEYWORDS: heat equation, separation of variables, transformer, bubbling, cooling system, sulfur hexafluoride, the adsorption filter.

INDUSTRIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY

WINDOWS OF POSSIBILITY DETERMINATION OF METHODS FOR OIL SPILLS LOCALISATION DURING THE OFFSHORE PIPELINES ACCIDENTS (P. 30-33)

Meritsidi I.I., Postgraduate at the Department Thermodynamics and Heat Engines
Shotidi K.X., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Prof. at the Department Thermodynamics and Heat Engines, Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (65, korp. 1 Leninsky prosp., 119991, Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The influence of various factors on the applicability of both traditional and newly proposed methods of localization accidents at sea pipelines is shown in the paper, including:
- Physico-chemical properties of the pumped oil (composition, viscosity, pour point, flammability, aggressiveness, film thickness, etc.);
- Environmental parameters (time from the beginning of the spill, the visibility in the area of the accident, the wind speed, state of the sea, salinity, water and air temperatures);
- Ice conditions (ice index, the concentration of ice, quantity of oil on ice or under the ice).
The applicability of methods for responding to oil spills depending on the ice concentration, wind speed, wave height and visibility is presented.
The need to study the impact of factors such as the depth of the offshore pipeline, the intensity of the expiry of the oil from pipeline, the effect of temperature and flow rate at the point of dispensing is pointed out.
KEYWORDS: oil spills, offshore pipelines, oil properties, ice conditions, environmental parameters.

ORGANIZATIONAL, LEGAL AND TECHNICAL ASPECTS DETECTION OF OIL SPILLS IN THE MAIN PIPELINES (P. 34-39)

Gluschenko N.V., Postgraduate student of the Department of design and operation of gas and oil pipelines
Shestakov R.A., Postgraduate student of the Department of design and operation of gas and oil pipelines
Komarov D.N., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Associate Prof. of Department products and gas supply, Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (65, korp. 1 Leninsky prosp., 119991, Moscow, Russia).
Ibragimov M.I., Researcher LLC «SRI Transneft» (47a, Sevastopolsky Procpekt, 117186, Moscow, Russia) Shestakov A.A., Engineer , JSC Chernomortransneft (Sheskharis, 353911, Novorossiysk, Krasnodarsky region, Russia) 
ABSTRACT
The article deals with organizational, legal and technical aspects of oil spill detection and unauthorized penetrations as an important area security of main pipelines. The priority direction of early identification and prevention of spills and unauthorized connection to the main pipelines is to improve the technical methods to detect and normative legal regulation of their application.
KEYWORDS: main pipelines, security, spills, unauthorized connections, prevention, technical methods, normative legal regulation.

THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RESOURCE BASE OF THE WORLD ECONOMY

OIL AND GAS FACTORS AS AN INSTRUMENT OF FOREIGN POLICY IN ARGENTINA (P. 40-43)

E.Yu. Sakharova, student, National Research University Higher School of Economics (20, Myasnitskaya str., Moscow, 101000, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
This paper provides an insight into Argentinean energy strategy that influences country’s place on the international arena. The analysis of driving forces of country’ development and its energy policy shows that the Argentinean energy policy is closely linked with its foreign policy and the growth of Argentina`s prestige both on the regional and international arena. The findings show that Argentina`s foreign policy is largely based on agreements in the oil and gas industry.After the 2001 crisis this country needed a political and economic support from the outside. This support Argentina was able to find thanks to greater involvement in regional integration. However, the oil and gas factor can have a positive impact on the increase of foreign relations with countries outside the region of Latin America too.
KEYWORDS: Argentina, oil and gas resources, foreign policy, oil, gas.

BLACK GOLDAS AN INSTRUMENTOF VENEZUELAN FOREIGN POLICY: PAST AND PRESENT (P. 44-50)

E.Yu. Sakharova, student, National Research University Higher School of Economics (20, Myasnitskaya str., Moscow, 101000, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
In the presidential message to the National Assembly in 2006 Hugo Chavez announced that the energy strategy of Venezuela cannot be separated from diplomacy. [1] Indeed, in the end of XX century, Venezuela had become an active actor on the regional and international levels thanks to its oil resources and membership in OPEC. It has been almost 10 years since Chavez message but the situation in the country did not change. The Venezuelan economy is still based on the supply of oil, while the country's foreign policy largely depends on its energy strategy. Today Caracas foreign policy is aimed at transformation of Latin America into one of the multipolar world poles and an independent policy-maker. In order to achieve this goal Venezuela after the Chavez's accession of power puts emphasis on its foreign policy, signing energy agreements with Latin American countries.
KEYWORDS: Venezuela, energy policy, oil and gas, OPEC, Chavez, ALBA. 

THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

DEVELOPMENT OF AUTOMOBILE TRANSPORTATION OF OIL FROM FOUNDATION TO WORLD WAR II (P. 51-57)

IVANOV A.I., Cand. Sci. (Tech.),Docentof Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
DMITRIEVA T.V.,Cand. Sci. (Tech.),Docentof Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
MAKARENKOO.A.,Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof.of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1,Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia) E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
This article dedicated to first vehicles for transportation of oil and petroleum to their development until World War II. Key stages and main development directions of technics and technologies of automobile oil and petroleum transportation are shown.
KEYWORDS: car, fuel dispenser, fuel transportation, gasoline, fuel.

STRATEGY DEVELOPMENT AND PLANNING OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES AND PRODUCTION PROCESSES

BEHAVIORAL STRATEGY AND COMPANY RESOURCES ON THE OF PETROCHEMICAL MANUFACTURING (P. 58-66)

Huseynov F.F., graduate student, Imperial College London (London SW7 2AZ, United Kingdom)
Shemakov A.O., Cand. Ski. (Chem.), Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University) (4, Volokolamsk highway, 125993, Moscow, Russia )
Movsumzade M. E., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Vice-President, SWHolding (Heydar Aliyev International Airport, AZ1044, Baku, Azerbaijan) E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра. 
ABSTRACT
The article presents tools to increase the performance of manufacturing organizations on the basis of resource analysis. The main economic and performance measure ratios and metrics are highlighted.
KEYWORDS: financial resources, limiting the yield, material resources, information resources.

PATENT INFORMATION SURVE (P. 67-68)

 

 

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