CONTENTS of journal "THNP" 5-6•2020

DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF GAS AND OIL PIPELINES AND STORAGES

УДК 622.692
DOI:10.24411/0131-4270-2020-6-05-09
CURRENT STATE AND PROSPECTIVE DIRECTIONS OF RESEARCH IN THE FIELD OF ULTRASONIC CLEANING OF DEPOSITS AT OIL TRANSPORT AND STORAGE (P. 5-9)
Khuramshina R.A., Valeev A.R.
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University,
450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9767-9627, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7197-605X, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The article is devoted to the use of ultrasound in oil transportation and storage facilities for removing asphalt-tar and paraffin deposits. A classification of methods for removing asphalttar and paraffin deposits in wells, pipelines, and tanks is formulated. The review of scientific works on the use of ultrasound and ultrasonic installations for changing the main physical and chemical characteristics of oil and tank cleaning is presented. Based on the analysis, a list of experimental studies that need to be performed for the further formation of the scientific and technical base for the use of ultrasound exposure to remove deposits is formulated.
KEYWORDS: asphalt-resinous paraffin deposits, oil, ultrasound, tank, oil pipeline.
For citation: Khuramshina R.A., Valeev A.R. CURRENT STATE AND PROSPECTIVE DIRECTIONS OF RESEARCH IN THE FIELD OF ULTRASONIC CLEANING OF DEPOSITS AT OIL TRANSPORT AND STORAGE. Transport and Storage of Oil Products and Hydrocarbons. 2020, no. 5-6, pp. 5–9.

УДК: 621.643.622.32
DOI:10.24411/0131-4270-2020-6-10-14
METHOD OF POSITION OF PIPELINE INSPECTION GAUGE WHEN IT PASSES IN THE GAS PIPELINE (P. 10-14)
Kovalenko A.N.1, Ulanov V.V.1, Matveeva YU.S.2, Shestakov R.A.1
1Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University), 119991, Moscow, Russia
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8778-2708, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4437-0612, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2JSC MOSGAZ, 105120, Moscow, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1157-6200, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The article deals with the problem of accuracy and reliability of the results of in-line inspection of main pipelines, which occurs due to the error of measuring the coordinates of the pipeline inspection gauge. In the course of mathematical modeling of the movement of the pipeline inspection gauge along the main gas pipeline, a method was developed for determining its location when passing through a section of the main gas pipeline. The developed method is based on the construction of a joint mathematical model of the operation of the main gas pipeline and the pipeline inspection gauge during its passage. The calculation algorithm of the method is presented, as well as an example of calculating the maintenance of the pipeline inspection gauge.
KEYWORDS: natural gas, main gas pipeline, pipeline inspection gauge, PIG, in-line inspection.
For citation: Kovalenko A.N., Ulanov V.V., Matveeva YU.S., Shestakov R.A. METHOD OF POSITION OF PIPELINE INSPECTION GAUGE WHEN IT PASSES OF THE GAS PIPELINE. Transport and Storage of Oil Products and Hydrocarbons. 2020, no. 5-6, pp. 10–14.

УДК 661.91
DOI:10.24411/0131-4270-2020-6-15-19
RECONSTRUCTION OF THE TECHNOLOGICAL SCHEME OF THE PLANT FOR THE PRODUCTION OF LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS ON THE BASIS OF GAS DISTRIBUTION STATION (P. 15-19)
Bakhtiyarov R.R., Muftakhov E.M.
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1845-7135, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
Large-scale introduction of liquefied natural gas into the country's industry is one of the most important tasks, which is rapidly being implemented not only in Russia, but also around the world. Today, liquefied natural gas is actively used for Autonomous gas supply to localities, as a motor fuel, as a raw material for the chemical industry, etc. In this regard, one of the most important tasks is to ensure the reliability and uninterrupted production of this type of fuel. The problems related to the formation of solid carbon dioxide in the linear part and in the technological equipment of enterprises are still unresolved. This problem is considered in the article on the example of an existing plant organized on the basis of gas distribution station No. 4, Yekaterinburg. An improved flow chart of a liquefied natural gas plant based on a gas distribution station with protection of linear sections and process equipment from solid carbon dioxide deposition is presented. Resource-and energy-saving technologies included in the developed scheme are considered.
KEYWORDS: liquefied natural gas, expander-compressor unit, expander-generator unit, heat exchanger, carbon dioxide.
For citation: Bakhtiyarov R.R., Muftakhov E.M. RECONSTRUCTION OF THE TECHNOLOGICAL SCHEME OF THE PLANT FOR THE PRODUCTION OF LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS ON THE BASIS OF GAS DISTRIBUTION STATION. Transport and Storage of Oil Products and Hydrocarbons. 2020, no. 5-6, pp. 15–19.

УДК 622.692.4
DOI:10.24411/0131-4270-2020-6-20-22
ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEM OF LAYING OIL PIPELINES IN PERMAFROST (P. 20-22)
Mutalova L.M., Mustafin F.M.
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCHID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9481-6577, Email: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
Email: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The main problems of laying oil pipelines on permafrostare analyzed in the paper.In order to preserve frozen soils in an undisturbed state, it is necessary to minimize thermal and mechanical effects. It was revealed that the use of the land-based method of laying the oil pipeline will reduce the consequences of technogenic impact and preserve the frozen soil in an undisturbed state.
KEYWORDS: oil pipeline, permafrost, thermal interaction, ground laying.
For citation: Mutalova L.M., Mustafin F.M. ANALYSIS OF THE PROBLEM OF LAYING OIL PIPELINES IN PERMAFROST. Transport and Storage of Oil Products and Hydrocarbons. 2020, no. 5-6, pp. 20–22

УДК 622.691.4
DOI:10.24411/0131-4270-2020-6-23-28
ASSESSMENT OF THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF LOW-FREQUENCY VIBRATIONS ON TECHNOLOGICAL PIPELINES OF COMPRESSOR STATIONS (P. 23-28)
Khayrullina R.R., Valeev A.R.
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University
450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9179-6742, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7197-605X, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The article presents analysis of the influence of lowfrequency vibrations on the technical condition of compressor stations. The hypotheses of the occurrence of low-frequency vibrations in pipelines are considered during the study, the acoustic properties of the process piping and the resonant vibrations conditions are calculated. A computational model was created in the ANSYS Workbench software in order to estimate the loading conditions for process piping. As a result of the work, the probability of dead-end oscillations was estimated depending on the operating conditions and the design of pipelines at compressor stations, and recommendations were given for optimizing the position of the inlet cranes.
KEYWORDS: vibration, vibration-based diagnostics, connection piping, industrial pipelines of compressor station, conditions of resonance vibration, modeling, ANSYS.
For citation: Khayrullina R.R., Valeev A.R. ASSESSMENT OF THE NEGATIVE IMPACT OF LOW-FREQUENCY VIBRATIONS ON TECHNOLOGICAL PIPELINES OF COMPRESSOR STATIONS. Transport and Storage of Oil Products and Hydrocarbons. 2020, no. 5-6, pp. 23–28.

УДК 622.692
DOI:10.24411/0131-4270-2020-6-29-33
REMOVAL OF ASPHALT-RESIN-PARAFFIN DEPOSITS FROM OIL STORAGE TANKS USING ULTRASONIC TREATMENT (P. 29-33)
Shchurova E.V.1, Krys A.A.2, Khuramshina R.A.2, Valeev A.R.2,
1Transneft, PJSC
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2Ufa State Petroleum Technological University,
450062, Ufa, Russia, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9767-9627, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7197-605X, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The Paper is devoted to the problem of cleaning the oil storage tank from deposits. An overview of current achievements in this field is presented, including scientific works on the use of ultrasound to accelerate the removal of deposits. An approach to the destruction of deposits directly during the operation of the reservoir due to placing of the ultrasound emitter to the surface of the "oildeposits" phase boundary is considered. A system of mathematical equations simulating the process of changing the temperature and melting of the depositis developed, taking into account the operation of the ultrasonic emitter. As a result, speed of the melting front of deposits is determined depending on the duration of influence. The recommended duration of influenceat each installation point is
determined.
KEYWORDS: ultrasound, ultrasound unit, oil, asphalt-resinous paraffin deposits, tank, mathematical modeling.
For citation: Shchurova E.V., Krys A.A., Khuramshina R.A., Valeev A.R. REMOVAL OF ASPHALT-RESIN-PARAFFIN DEPOSITS FROM OIL STORAGE TANKS USING ULTRASONIC TREATMENT. Transport and Storage of Oil Products and Hydrocarbons. 2020, no. 5-6, pp. 29–33

CONSTRUCTION AND REPAIR OF GAS AND OIL PIPELINES AND GAS AND OIL STORAGE FACILITIES

УДК624.159.2
DOI:10.24411/0131-4270-2020-6-34-39
DEFORMATION MONITORING OF OIL AND GAS CONSTRUCTION STRUCTURES ON PERMAFROST SOILS (P. 34-39)
Vasil’yev G.G.1, Dzhalyabov A.A.2, Leonovich I.A.1,
1Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research
University), 119991, Moscow, Russia
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9054-1537, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2Nadym Branch of Gazprom Invest LLC, 629736, Nadym, Russia
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The article is aimed at investigating the problems of ensuring reliability and safety of construction structures of oil and gas complex on permafrost soils. The article analyzes the existing problems and peculiarities of construction on permafrost. The main solutions providing for the construction of facilities on permafrost soils are analyzed, their disadvantages that become the reasons for the occurrence of non-project-related deformations of buildings and structures are noted. The analysis of advanced requirements for deformation control of such objects was performed. The model of deformation monitoring implementation based on application of technologies of obtaining three-dimensional models of real object geometry is proposed. The main stages of implementation of the system for monitoring the spatial position of oil and gas complex construction structures on permafrost soils have been defined.
KEYWORDS: permafrost, deformations, reliability, oil and gas complex, deformation monitoring, laser scanning.
For citation: Vasil’yev G.G., Dzhalyabov A.A., Leonovich I.A. DEFORMATION MONITORING OF OIL AND GAS CONSTRUCTION STRUCTURES ON PERMAFROST SOILS. Transport and Storage of Oil Products and Hydrocarbons. 2020, no. 5-6, pp. 34–39.

УДК 622.692.4.07
DOI:10.24411/0131-4270-2020-6-40-45
ANALYSIS OF MATERIALS USED FOR PRODUCTION OF POLYMER PIPES FOR CONSTRUCTION OF OIL AND GAS OIL PIPELINES (P. 40-45)
Glazkov A.S., Garifullin A.A., Fassakhov M.A., Nasibullin T.R., Gulin D.A.
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University,
450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7289-5358, Email: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2263-0658, Email: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3801-9108, Email: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4463-1958, Email: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3145-748X, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The authors reviewed the current state of the oil field system of Russia and highlighted the main problems of their operation. It has been found that the main problem of the oil field system is low corrosion resistance, low durability of steel pipes, which leads to frequent accidents, repair and replacement of unserviceable sections of pipelines, as a result of high capital costs. The authors propose the use of polymer pipes as a material in construction pipes for oil pumping. In order to assess the resistance of pipes to the effect of oil, the most used polymer materials in the fields of water supply and gas supply were taken. The paper analyzed the chemical resistance of pipes made of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), acrylonitrile butadiene styrene plastic (ABS), polypropylene (PP), polyethylene (PE), chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC), polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) to the impact of the aggressive oil medium of the tower. The strength of the polyethylene pipes was calculated, during which it was found that the polyethylene pipes are suitable for operation at a working pressure of 4 MPa. Besides, there was also a comparison of the cost of polyethylene and steel pipes. It was concluded that polyethylene pipes could be used in the construction of oil field pipes.
KEYWORDS: steel pipes, polymer pipes, polyethylene pipes, polypropylene pipes, pipe corrosion, aggressive medium, chemical resistance.
For citation: Glazkov A.S., Garifullin A.A., Fassakhov M.A., Nasibullin T.R., Gulin D.A. ANALYSIS OF MATERIALS USED FOR PRODUCTION OF POLYMER PIPES FOR CONSTRUCTION OF OIL AND GAS OIL PIPELINES. Transport and Storage of Oil Products and Hydrocarbons. 2020, no. 5-6, pp. 40–45.

УДК 622.692.4.07
DOI:10.24411/0131-4270-2020-6-46-50
CONSIDERATION OF APPLICATION OF USING EPOXY ISOLATION OF PIPES FOR TRUNK AND FIELD PIPELINES IN VARIOUS CONDITIONS (P. 46-50)
Mirsayapova R.I., Kantemirov I.F.
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6714-7398, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2205-7433, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
Currently, the main type of isolation coating of pipelines is factory isolation based on extruded polyethylene. This type of isolation meets all basic requirements of normative and technical documentation and that is why it is a leader in construction and repair of pipeline systems. However, in certain conditions of laying pipelines isolation based on extruded polyethylene has many disadvantages. In such cases, the use of epoxy pipe coatings should be considered.
KEYWORDS: pipeline, isolation, pipelines polyethylene isolation,pipelines epoxy isolation.
For citation: Mirsayapova R.I., Kantemirov I.F. CONSIDERATION OF APPLICATION OF USING EPOXY ISOLATION OF PIPES FOR TRUNK AND FIELD PIPELINES IN VARIOUS CONDITIONS. Transport and Storage of Oil Products and Hydrocarbons. 2020, no. 5-6, pp. 46–50.

УДК 621.22-225:622.691.48
DOI:10.24411/0131-4270-2020-6-51-56
ANALYSIS OF THE APPLICABILITY OF METHODS FOR ASSESSING THE RELIABILITY OF PIPELINES WITH CORROSION DEFECTS (P. 51-56)
Mullayanova A.F.1, Alferov A.V.1, Vinogradov P.V.1, Vafin T.I.2,
1RN-BashNIPIneft LLC, 450103, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5958-5697, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2820-2360, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4514-8127, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2Ufa State Petroleum Technological University,
450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6714-811X, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
Over the past decades, a large number of experimental, numerical and analytical studies have been carried out to assess the strength of defective pipelines, resulting in the development of numerous models to predict the destructive pressure of pipelines. However, there is no single algorithm for choosing the strength assessment method. This article is devoted to a review of methods for assessing the strength of pipelines with corrosion losses of metal under a plastic fracture mechanism, a classification of methods is also given, and a comparison of the values of the breaking pressure depending on the parameters of the defect is given. The scatter of the obtained values allows us to conclude that there is no universal method for assessing the strength of a pipeline defect among those considered.
KEYWORDS: pipeline, corrosion metal loss, pipeline strength, burst pressure, plastic failure mechanism, Folias factor.
For citation: Mullayanova A.F., Alferov A.V., Vinogradov P.V., Vafin T.I. ANALYSIS OF THE APPLICABILITY OF METHODS FOR ASSESSING THE RELIABILITY OF PIPELINES WITH CORROSION DEFECTS. Transport and Storage of Oil Products and Hydrocarbons. 2020, no. 5-6, pp. 51–56.

УДК 622.691.4
DOI:10.24411/0131-4270-2020-6-57-60
IMPROVING THE RELIABILITY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF GAS AIR COOLING DEVICES BY USING A REPAIR AND RECOVERY COMPOUND (P. 57-60)
Kaplin A.T., Yalchigulov R.S., Khasanov I.I.
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9515-9983, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0584-5550, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3422-1237, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
Over the past two decades, Gazprom has focused on energy efficiency and energy conservation issues. From 22 to 48% of the electricity at a compressor station with gas turbine pumping units is spent on air-cooling devices for gas. The purpose of the study is to increase the service life and consider options for reducing friction in the bearings of the electric motor of the gas air cooling device using the technology of obtaining high-strength surfaces. Depending on the unit being processed, its design and details, the Repair and recovery compound (RRC) is introduced into the lubrication system or applied directly to the surface of the friction pairs. The objects of processing with special lubricants were ball bearings of drive electric motors of fans of air-cooling devices of gas compressor station. Based on the results of research on the effectiveness of processing of rubbing parts with compositions containing serpentine on electric motor bearings, it is concluded that there is an impact on the surface layers of the rubbing surfaces of mating metals, which make it possible to achieve positive changes in the parameters of the equipment being operated. The effectiveness of the use of repair and restoration compounds depends primarily on their manufacturer. The decision to use the compound for processing rubbing parts of equipment must be made on the basis of an economic assessment of the cost of the compound for processing, processing costs and payback period.
KEYWORDS: gas air cooling devices, bearings, reliability, energy efficiency, energy saving, repair and recovery compound.
For citation: Kaplin A.T., Yalchigulov R.S., Khasanov I.I. IMPROVING THE RELIABILITY AND ENERGY EFFICIENCY OF GAS AIR COOLING DEVICES BY USING A REPAIR AND RECOVERY COMPOUND. Transport and Storage of Oil Products and Hydrocarbons. 2020, no. 5-6, pp. 57–60.

ECOSYSTEM PROTECTION AND UTILIZATION OF INDUSTRIAL WASTES

УДК 622.692.48:541.183
DOI:10.24411/0131-4270-2020-6-61-66
EFFECT OF HY-DROPHOBIZATION TREATMENT WITH SILOXANE LIQUIDS ON OIL CA-PACITY AND WATER ABSORPTION OF WATER TREATMENT WASTE (P. 61-66)
Shaykhiev I.G.1, Shumkova I.N.1, Sverguzova S.V.2,
1Kazan National Research Technological University, 420015, Kazan, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9160-0412, Email: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7413-1973, Email: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2Belgorod State Technological University named after V.G. Shukhova,
308012, Belgorod, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3845-8741, Email: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The influence of the nature of siloxane hydrophobizing compounds on the oil and water absorption of sorption materials based on water treatment waste was studied. Industrial liquids containing organosilicon compounds of the "Opti Lux", "Ecodom Bio" and GKZH- 94M brands were studied as hydrophobizers. As sorption materials, native and heat-treated waste generated at the Kama River water treatment plant in Nizhnekamsk (Republic of Tatarstan) was used at 550 oC. Pure and used oils of 5W40, 15W40 and I-20A grades were used as sorbates. As a result of the study, it was determined that the processing of water treatment waste samples with hydro-phobizers reduces water absorption, with a slight decrease in the maximum oil ab-sorption. It is revealed that the ability of the sorption material under study to absorb petroleum products after its treatment with hydrophobizers does not depend on the preliminary heat treatment of the waste.
KEYWORDS: water treatment waste, hydrophobization, siloxane liquids, oil capacity, water absorption.
For citation: Shaykhiev I.G., Shumkova I.N., Sverguzova S.V. EFFECT OF HY-DROPHOBIZATION TREATMENT WITH SILOXANE LIQUIDS ON OIL CAPACITY AND WATER ABSORPTION OF WATER TREATMENT WASTE. Transport and Storage of Oil Products and Hydrocarbons. 2020, no. 5-6, pp. 61–66.

УДК 624.131.1
DOI:10.24411/0131-4270-2020-6-67-70
DEVELOPMENT OF NEW METHODS FOR PROTECTING SLOPES FROM WATER EROSION (P. 67-70)
Khayrullin D.R, Nabiullina A.G., Glazkov A.S., Gulin D.A., Sultanmagomedov S.M.
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9823-8022, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3734-8401, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2703-840X, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3145-748X, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6111-1319, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
Slopes are subject to erosion, and when the pipeline passes through such sections, measures are necessary to prevent the harmful effects of erosion on the pipeline. There are various ways to protect slopes against erosion of soils that are suitable in varying degrees to a particular case of a washout. The article discusses
two ways to protect slopes from water erosion. Measures for their improvement are proposed, which are described in the article. The first method is to intercept surface runoff by creating a trench and a retaining earthen rampart with an inorganic filler and a water-retaining screen. Water during snowmelt and rain, flowing down the slope and penetrating deep into the soil, encounters a water-retaining screen consisting of 2 connected galvanized plates installed in the trench, as a result of which, passing through a layer of coal slag, it enters the voids of the balls. Plastic balls retain their place in the trench by using a grid set with a certain step in the trench. After spring thawing, the soil begins to absorb water located in the voids of the balls, and since this process occurs gradually, the risk of water erosion decreases. The second method protects the pipeline from a landslide by supporting it with piles and plates. The pipeline remains stable during the landslide process due to the holding capacity of the bored piles. To do this, plates of small thickness are welded to the piles, to which the pipeline is attached using belts and a porous gasket. The piles are additionally held by anchors that are set at an angle to it. The proposed methods are complementary to the scope of protection of slopes against
erosion and washouts, including protection of pipelines.
KEYWORDS: erosion; protection of slopes from erosion; engineering protection of the pipeline.
For citation: Khayrullin D.R, Nabiullina A.G., Glazkov A.S., Gulin D.A., Sultanmagomedov S.M. DEVELOPMENT OF NEW METHODS FOR PROTECTING SLOPES FROM WATER EROSION. Transport and Storage of Oil Products and Hydrocarbons. 2020, no. 5-6, pp. 67–70.

FIELD PIPELINE SYSTEMS

УДК 622.692
DOI:10.24411/0131-4270-2020-6-71-76
JUSTIFICATION OF THE USE OF AN ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD TO PREVENT COMPLICATIONS IN THE OIL GATHERING PIPELINE OF THE TROSHKINSKOE FIELD (P. 71-76)
Zaripov R.F1., Khakimov R.A.2, Kinzyabulatov U.A.1, Marov R.M.1, Sharigin N.I.1,
1Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4729-3528, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2LLC Bashneft-Dobycha, 450008, Ufa, Russia
E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
In the process of transporting oil through pipelines from well clusters, from oil, water and gas treatment facilities, complications arise that lead to restrictions on the volume of fluid pumped. These problems force Oil Companies to either build new pipelines of a larger diameter, or to dispense reagents to prevent complications or to heat the transported liquid. All this leads to a significant increase in capital and operating costs. In this regard, it is proposed to install variable electromagnetic heating in the existing pipeline of the Troshkinskoye field to prevent complications inside the pipeline, namely deposits of paraffin deposits. In the installation, an alternating electromagnetic field of increased frequency acts on the liquid, which is heated to the required temperature allowing it to be transported without the release of paraffin and paraffin wax in it in the solid phase, and the crystallization temperature of paraffin shifts to a lower side during exposure. This solution allows you to effectively prevent deposits inside the pipeline and increase its throughput by reducing the  of oil at low operating costs.
KEYWORDS: pipeline, deposits, paraffin, electromagnetic heating, bore, heating elements.
For citation: Zaripov R.F., Khakimov R.A., Kinzyabulatov U.A., Marov R.M., Sharigin N.I. JUSTIFICATION OF THE USE OF AN ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD TO PREVENT COMPLICATIONS IN THE OIL GATHERING PIPELINE OF THE TROSHKINSKOE FIELD
Transport and Storage of Oil Products and Hydrocarbons. 2020, no. 5-6, pp. 71–76.

GEOECOLOGY

УДК 551.21+550.34
DOI:10.24411/0131-4270-2020-6-77-84
SEISMOLOGICAL PRECURSORS OF CATASTROPHIC ERUPTIONS OF BEZYMIANNY AND SHIVELUCH VOLCANOES IN KAMCHATKA IN THE 20TH CENTURY (P. 77-84)
Ivanov V.V.
Institute of Volcanology and Seismology of Far East Division, Russian
Academy of Sciences, 683006, Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, Russia
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8679-5881, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The paper analyzes seismological precursors for three substantially different eruptions of andesite volcanoes in Kamchatka: the two largest and most dangerous eruptions of Shiveluch and Bezymyanny in the 20th century, as well as for the moderate eruption of Shiveluch in 2001.It is shown that the main characteristic features of the precursors of these three eruptions are fundamentally different and probably represent three different classes of behavior of such systems. Possible explanation for the observed features seismicity and a possible mechanism of formation for these different types is given. It is shown that the determination of the moments of the beginning of sudden paroxysmal phases of large eruptions of andesite volcanoes caused by the collapse of their structures is currently problematic by seismological data. One of the possible seismological criteria for distinguishing the preparation of large and moderate eruptions of andesite volcanoes is proposed. The ways of improving the methods of forecasting moderate eruptions of andesite volcanoes are outlined.
KEYWORDS: eruption, andesite volcano, seismological precursors, Kamchatka, Shiveluch, Bezymianny.
For citation: Ivanov V.V. SEISMOLOGICAL PRECURSORS OF CATASTROPHIC ERUPTIONS OF BEZYMIANNY AND SHIVELUCH VOLCANOES IN KAMCHATKA IN THE 20TH CENTURY. Transport and Storage of Oil Products and Hydrocarbons. 2020, no. 5-6, pp. 77–84.
Acknowledgments: The author is grateful to V.T. Garbuzova, O.A. Girina, V.N. Dvigalo, V.A. Droznin, I.V. Melekestsev, P.P. Firstov and V.A. Shirokov for consultations and useful discussions.

THE HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

УДК 622.692.6
DOI:10.24411/0131-4270-2020-6-85-89
SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF RAILWAY TRANSPORTATION OF HYDROCARBON RAW MATERIALS IN THE DOMESTIC INDUSTRY (P. 85-89)
Khasanov I.I.1, Shakirov R.A.2,
1Ufa State Petroleum Technological University, 450062, Ufa, Russia
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3422-1237, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
2PJSC ANK Bashneft Bashneft-Novoil
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-7017-081X, E-mail: Адрес электронной почты защищен от спам-ботов. Для просмотра адреса в вашем браузере должен быть включен Javascript.
ABSTRACT
The article is a study of the development of the structure of tank cars used for the transport of oil and oil products in Russia since the end of the 19th century. The authors of the article provide statistics demonstrating the important role of tank cars in oil transportation before the rapid development of pipeline transport. The chronology of the evolution of tank cars is presented on a temporary tape, which clearly reflects the main events in the tank building.
KEYWORDS: oil, petroleum products, railway transport, carrying capacity, wagon, tank.
For citation: Khasanov I.I., Shakirov R.A. SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF RAILWAY TRANSPORTATION OF HYDROCARBON RAW MATERIALS IN THE DOMESTIC INDUSTRY. Transport and Storage of Oil Products and Hydrocarbons. 2020, no. 5-6, pp. 85–89.


THE LIST OF ARTICLES PUBLISHED IN THE JOURNAL “TRANSPORT AND STORAGE OF OIL PRODUCTS AND HYDROCARBONS” IN 2020
(P. 90-92)

 

 

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