CONTENTS of journal "THNP" 3•2017 (Russia)

DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF GAS AND OIL PIPELINES AND STORAGES

METHOD FOR CALCULATING THE COORDINATES OF THE NODES OF THE MESH DOME ROOF OF THE TANK (P. 5-7)
KARAVAYCHENKO M.G., Dr. Sci (Tech), Prof. of  Department of Construction and Maintenance of Oil and Gas Pipelines and Storages,
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
KUTEMINSKY S.A., Head of the Workshop, NefteMontazhDiagnostika (13a, Ufa Highway, 450049, Ufa, Russia).
ABSTRACT
The article considers vertical steel tanks for oil storage. As well as it gives designing of dome mesh roofs of tanks. In order to determine the coordinates of the dome roof nodes, to minimize the size of the links, a technique for constructing the network from the points of intersection of the three spheres «3C» was proposed. An algorithm is obtained for calculating the coordinates of mesh roofs of reservoirs. The cutting of the surface of the dome roof of the tank according to this technique makes it possible to obtain meridional connections of a dome of one standard size with an error of not more than 0.1 mm, which is quite satisfactory for the practice of reservoir construction.
KEYWORDS: vertical steel tank, dome mesh roof, cutting the surface of the dome, the coordinates of the nodes.

THE RESEARCH OF WATER ABSORPTION OF LIAM ANTICORROSIVE TAPE LIAM IN WATER AND ELECTROLYTE SOLUTIONS (P. 8-12)
CHERKASOV N.M., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), General Director
GLADKIKH I.F., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Associate Prof., Director of Technology,
LLC «Scientific Research Center» Search» ( 86, Novozhenova St., 450105, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). Е-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
KOSTENKO K.A., masters of  Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas,
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia).
ABSTRACT
The article is devoted to the study of the physicochemical properties of asmol. Relevance is justified by the continuous improvement of methods and means of anticorrosion protection of gas and oil pipelines. The study and, subsequently, the application of modern technologies allows to increase the maintenance-free life, which positively affects the economic efficiency of transport and storage of oil and gas, as well as the environmental safety of the regions. A deep analysis of water absorption and accompanying changes in the linear dimensions of the material is carried out, which allows to determine the maximum geometric characteristics of defects capable of self-destruction. The processes occurring in the region of disturbance of the insulation continuity are shown. The two-stage character of the water absorption process is described. The calculated data on «self-healing» of construction defects in MAK mastic with experimentally observed defect behavior are compared.
KEYWORDS: insulating material, asphalt petroleum polymer, anti-corrosion tape LIAM, water absorption, self-healing.
 
INCREASING ENERGY-EFFICIENCY OF PIPELINE TRANSPORTATION BY THE WAY OF OPTIMAL FLOWS DISTRIBUTION AND COMPOUNDING OF RHEOLOGICALLY COMPLICATED KINDS OF OILS (P. 13-18)
KARIMOV R.M., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Assoc. Prof. of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
TASHBULATOV R.R., Assistant of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
MASTOBAEV B.N., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., Head of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas,
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia).
ABSTRACT
It is discussed the principles of distribution of cargo flows and possible areas of application of optimization problems are considered depending on the type and configuration of pipeline systems. A general optimization condition is formulated based on energy efficiency criteria and requirements for oil quality indicators. Recommendations are given on the use of existing logistics techniques and linear mathematical programming tasks for efficient loading of branched oil pipelines with regard to rheological properties of oils transported.
KEYWORDS: oil, compounding, composition, quality indicators, commodity mix, pipeline run, oil sediments, compatibility, rheology, model, viscosity, pour point, optimization, oil flows, loading, oil pipeline.

FEATURES OF FUEL BUNKERING FOR SHIPS ON LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS (P. 19-22)
KHASANOV I.I., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Assoc. Prof. of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
GIMAEVA A.R., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Assoc. Prof. of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas,
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The article examines the evaporation of liquefied natural gas (LNG) and presents the bunkering schemes of LNG and their variants. International organization’s requirements on environmental performance of ships and current regulations that tighten emissions are considered. It was proposed to use an intermediate surge tank to reduce the losses, and new calculation method of the refrigeration unit, which demonstrated significant fuel savings. It was concluded about possibility of fuel savings by applying the evaporated gas as a fuel in dual-fuel engines and, as a consequence, a significant reduction in emissions.
KEYWORDS: offshore LNG transportation, tanker, surge tank, bunkerage’s system, the evaporated gas.
 
THE RHEOLOGICAL PROPERTIES CHANGES OF OIL UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF POLYMER NANOCOMPOSITES (P. 23-26)
SHAMILOV V.M., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Head of  Department of  Nanotechnologies, The State Oil Company of the Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR) (121, Haydar Aliyev Avenue, Baku, AZ 1029, Azerbaijan Republic).
BABAYEV E.R., Cand. Sci. (Chem.), Senior Researcher Institute of Chemistry of Additives after Academician A.M. Guliyev (Block 2062, Beyukshor Highway, AZ 1029, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic). Е-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ALIYEVA N.F., Senior Engineer of Department of Nanotechnologies, The State Oil Company of the Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR) (121, Haydar Aliyev Avenue, Baku, AZ 1029, Azerbaijan Republic).
SHAMILOV F.V., Lecturer of Department of BBA and MBA Azerbaijan State University of Oil and Industry (34, Azadlyg Ave., AZ 1010, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic).
VELIEV F.F., Senior Engineer, NIPI «Neftegaz». The State Oil Company of the Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR) (88 A, Zardabi Avenue, Baku, AZ 1012, Azerbaijan Republic).
ABSTRACT
The influence of polymer nanocomposites based on carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) and Al and Cu nanoparticles 40-60 nm in size and their constituent components on some rheological properties of oil (viscosity, surface tension and wetting contact angle) is studied in this work. It has been established that polymeric nanocomposites and their constituent components reduce viscosity, surface tension and wetting contact angle, which positively affects the increase in oil productionand oil transportation. Polymeric nanocomposites based on CMC and Al are more effective than polymer composites based on CMC and Cu.
KEYWORDS: enhanced oil recovery, nanotechnology, increase in pipeline capacity, polymer flooding, rheological properties of oil, polymer nanocomposites.

DESALINATION OF SEA WATER AND OIL BY MEANS OF MEMBRANE ELECTRODIALYSIS IN THE EXTRACTION AND TRANSPORTATION OF OIL (P. 27-32)
MASTOBAEV B.N., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., Head of  Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas, Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
NOVAK LUBOSH, Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof., General Manager MEGA a.s. Division of Membrane Processes (Pod Vinic 87, 471 27 Str pod Ralskem, Czech Republic).
BAKHTIZIN R.N., Dr. Sci. (Ph.-M.), Prof., Rector. E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра..
IVANOV A.I., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Associate Prof. of Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas. E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
KOSTENKO K.A., masters of  Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas,
Ufa State Petroleum Technical University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia).
KERIMOV V.YU., Dr. Sci. (Geol.-Min.), Prof., Head of the Department of Theoretical Basics of Prospecting and Exploration of Oil and Gas Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas (National Research University) (65, korp.1, Leninskiy Pr., 119991, Moscow, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
KARIMOV E.KH., Cand. Sci. (Tech.),
PKF Polyplast LLC (6, Levyy bereg St., 453203, Ishimbay, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
LOKSHIN A.A., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), General Manager
Ltd. Eastecoil (131/1, Internatzionalnaya St., 450038, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
MOVSUMZADE E.M., Corresponding Member Russian Academy of education, Dr. Sci. (Chem.), Prof., Adviser to the Rector.
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
The paper discusses the method of obtaining industrial water in conditions of open waters on offshore oil platforms, as well as for oil on land. It shows the progress and results of the experiment for the preparation of water, describes methods of disposal of concentrate generated in the membrane electrodialysis process [1, 2]. Besides it presents the possibility of forming membranes. Opportunities and the results of the properties of ion-exchange membranes are proposed.
KEYWORDS: oil, preparation, platform, electrodialysis.
 
CALCULATION OF THE CARRYING CAPACITY OF THE VACUUM ANCHOR DEVICE (P. 33-37)
GULIN D.A., Postgraduate Student of the Department of Construction and Repair of Oil and Gas Pipelines and Gas and Oil Storage Facilities
SALIKHOV B.I., Student
SULTANMAGOMEDOV T.S., Student
SULTANMAGOMEDOV S.M., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof., Dean of the Faculty of Pipeline Transport
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
One of the most important tasks of pipeline construction is to hold pipelines in the design position, as the loss of stability of the operated oil and gas pipelines is quite common when laying in wetlands, permafrost and at the crossings of water obstacles. In turn, the phenomenon of suction of the body to the ground is one of the forces which made possible the solution of the problem. The authors of the article suggest to use the vacuum anchor device for anchoring the pipeline in the design position. The article identifies the design load and impact, which is provided by the bearing capacity of the device and the calculations of the bearing capacity, by the results of which the conclusion is made about the possibility of using this device in different soils and given the scope of these devices.
KEYWORDS: trunk pipeline, means of ballasting, anchoring devices, anchors, vacuum anchor device, the stability of the pipelines.
 
ANALYSIS OF METHODS OF SEISMIC PROTECTION OF TRUNK LINES (P. 38-42)
VALEEV A.R., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Assoc. Prof. of  Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
YALALOV D.V., Assistant of  Department of Transport and Storage of Oil and Gas
Ufa State Petroleum Technological University (USPTU) (1, Kosmonavtov St., 450062, Ufa, Republic of Bashkortostan, Russia). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
ABSTRACT
In the Russian Federation prospective areas for the production of natural gas and oil are characterized by high seismic activity. In this article the effect of seismic waves on the stress-strain state of pipelines is studied, the advantages and disadvantages of  overground and underground laying of pipelines in areas subjected to seismic effect are considered, and different technologies to increase seismic resistance of pipelines are classified. The analysis shows that the filling of the pipeline trench by incoherent, crushed soil, use of sliding pipe support and compensating devices have advantages in comparison with other methods of seismic protection of the pipelines.
KEYWORDS: seismic resistance, earthquake load, seismic waves, aseismic events.
 
THE ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURAL CHANGES IN THE MIXTURE OF TRANSPORTED NATURAL AND ASSOCIATED GAS (P. 43-46)
ISKENDEROV E.KH., Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Assoc. Prof.
ISMAILOV G.G., Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Prof.
Azerbaijan State University of Oil and Industry (34, Azadlyg Ave., AZ 1010, Baku, Azerbaijan Republic). E-mail: Этот адрес электронной почты защищён от спам-ботов. У вас должен быть включен JavaScript для просмотра.
IZBASAROV E.I., Doctoral Student. JSC «KazNIPImunaygas» (2, District 6, Aktau, 130000, Republic of Kazakhstan).
ABSTRACT
Problems of efficiency increase of technological processes at gas production and transportation can be exacerbated by double phased pumped systems, the presence of fluid inclusions, leading to the blockage and pulsation phenomena in gas pipeline systems. Therefore, in terms of field gathering of a mixture of natural and associated gas deposits indirect diagnosis of the formation of liquid phase is of particular relevance. On the basis of the analysis of field materials for composition of natural and associated gases, it was found that the composition and properties of gases after mixing and the resulting structural changes in transportation change significantly. The composition of the gas can serve as a diagnostic feature of the formation of  liquid phases and change the source content of components in the mixture.
KEYWORDS: gas composition, pipeline, structural change, associated gas, gas mixture, the formation of liquid phases, process state.

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